Motivations of pet parrot ownership and captive conditions of the pets in Madagascar


  • Lucía Rodríguez
  • Kim Eleanor Reuter
  • Melissa Schaefer


In Madagascar, parrots (Coracopsis nigra, C. vasa) are often kept as pets, with 8% of urban households surveyed having owned a Coracopsis spp. However, the motivations for pet parrot ownership and the captive conditions of these animals remain unexamined. In this study, we present qualitative information on the motivations and captive conditions of pet parrots in Madagascar based on 440 urban household surveys and 64 hotel surveys in central, southern, and eastern Madagascar. We present evidence that the primary motivation for owning pet parrots in Madagascar is for companionship, with no evidence that money-making is a primary motivation for ownership by households or hotels. Of the 11 Coracopsis spp. individuals that we saw in private homes during our data collection efforts, most were kept in sub-standard captive conditions (average cage size of ~0.06 ± 0.03 m3). Less than half had access to food and/or water when we observed them and some showed evidence of stereotypical behavior and feather chewing. Because many of the pet parrots were taken from the wild, motivations for owning a pet parrot and their captive conditions can impact their conservation.



À Madagascar, les perroquets (Coracopsis nigra, C. vasa) sont souvent gardés comme animaux de compagnie, avec 8% des ménages urbains interrogés ayant été propriétaires d'un Coracopsis spp. Cependant, les motivations poussant les gens a garder des perroquets comme animaux de compagnie et les conditions en captivité de ces animaux restent non examinées à Madagascar. Dans cette étude, nous présentons des informations qualitatives sur les motivations et les conditions de captivité des perroquets de compagnie à Madagascar, basées sur 440 enquêtes auprès des ménages et 64 enquêtes dans des hôtels dans le centre, le sud et l'est de Madagascar. Des preuves montrent la principale motivation comme étant tout simplement la compagnie ; par contre, aucune preuve supporte l’idée que gagner de l'argent est une raison principale motivant les ménages ou les hôtels à garder ces animaux. Parmi les 11 Coracopsis spp. que nous avons vus dans des maisons privées au cours de nos efforts de collecte de données, la plupart ont été maintenus dans des conditions de captivité inférieures aux normes (taille moyenne de la cage d’environ 0,06 ± 0,03 m3). Moins de la moitié d'entre eux avaient accès à de la nourriture ou à de l'eau lorsque nous les avons observés, et certains ont montré des signes de comportement stéréotypé et de mastication de plumes. Parce que beaucoup de perroquets de compagnie ont été pris dans la nature, les motivations pour posséder un perroquet de compagnie et leurs conditions de captivité peuvent avoir un impact sur leur conservation.


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Coracopsis, Motivations of pet parrot ownership and captive conditions of the pets in Madagascar