Journal Madagascar Conservation & Development, Vol8|Iss2

Madagascar's nascent locally managed marine area network

Taylor Lee Mayol

Abstract


Since 2004, the creation of locally managed marine areas (LMMAs) in Madagascar has exponentially increased, highlighting the need for improved information sharing between communities and between support organizations. Until recently, however, these LMMAs operated in relative isolation, with little communication or coordination between LMMA community associations.

Madagascar’s first national LMMA forum was held to address this need in June 2012 in the village of Andavadoaka. The forum brought together 55 community members from 18 LMMAs throughout Madagascar, representing a total of 134 villages. A principle outcome of this meeting was the formation of a national LMMA network named MIHARI, a Malagasy acronym that translates into ‘local marine resource management’. The nascent MIHARI network is an informal network that was inspired by the success of the LMMA Network in the Indo-Pacific region. MIHARI aims to facilitate peer-to-peer learning amongst coastal communities, improve communication, raise the profile and expand the use of the LMMA approach and serve as a unified lobbying platform for the interests of Madagascar’s traditional fishers.

The creation of MIHARI represents a significant development towards uniting community-led approaches to conservation in Madagascar and highlights the significant role LMMAs can play in marine conservation on a national scale. This is of particular significance in Madagascar, a country with little capacity or financial resources to oversee large-scale marine conservation efforts, a problem compounded by both the vast coastline and geographical isolation of many fishing communities. Madagascar’s new LMMA network is leading the way for coastal community conservation in the western Indian Ocean and aims to serve as the basis for a wider regional LMMA network.

 

 

Résumé

Depuis 2004, la mise en place d’Aires Marines Gérées Localement (AMGL) à Madagascar suit une augmentation exponentielle, mettant en lumière la nécessité d’améliorer le partage d’informations entre les communautés et les organisations partenaires. Néanmoins, jusqu'à récemment, ces AMGLs opéraient de façon isolée, ne bénéficiant que d’une très faible communication ou coordination entre les différentes AMGLs et les associations communautaires.

Afin de combler ce besoin, le premier forum national sur les AMGLs à Madagascar fut tenu en Juin 2012 dans le village d’Andavadoaka. Le forum a rassemblé 55 représentants de communautés provenant de 18 AMGLs différentes à travers Madagascar, représentant un total de 134 villages. Un des aboutissements phares de ce rassemblement fut la création d’un réseau national d’AMGLs, dénommé MIHARI, un acronyme malgache qui se traduit par ‘gestion locale des ressources marines’. Ce réseau naissant MIHARI est un réseau informel qui s’inspire du succès de son homologue dans la région Indo-Pacifique. MIHARI a pour objectif de faciliter l’enseignement entre pairs au sein des communautés côtières, d’augmenter la communication, d’accroitre la visibilité, d’encourager et de faciliter le recours à l’approche AMGL, et de servir de plateforme commune de lobby dans l’intérêt des pêcheurs traditionnels de Madagascar.

La création de MIHARI représente un développement conséquent en vue de l’unification des approches communautaires pour la conservation à Madagascar, et met en lumière le rôle important que jouent les AMGL dans le domaine de la conservation marine à l’échelle nationale. Cela a une importance primordiale à Madagascar, un pays où les ressources en termes de capital et de compétences sont insuffisantes  pour la supervision d’initiatives de conservation marine à grande échelle; une problématique elle-même exacerbée par l’étendue des zones côtières et l’isolation géographique de nombreuses communautés de pêcheurs. Le nouveau réseau d’AMGL de Madagascar fait figure de chef de file pour la conservation communautaire dans l’Océan Indien, et compte bien servir de socle pour un réseau AMGL régional.


Keywords


Madagascar; marine conservation; locally managed marine area; resource management; network; community conservation; conservation marine; aire marine gérée localement; gestion des ressources; réseau; conservation communautaire; pêcheurs traditionnels

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/mcd.v8i2.8

Madag. conserv. dev.
ISSN: 1662-2510