Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Madagascar Conservation & Development is an electronic, open-access, peer-reviewed, multi-disciplinary journal devoted to the swift dissemination of current research in and on Madagascar and the Western Indian Ocean islands. Manuscript submission, peer review, and publication are all handled on the internet. Software developed for the journal automates all clerical steps during peer review, facilitates a double-blind peer review process, and allows authors and editors to follow the progress of peer review on the internet. As articles are accepted, they are published in an "Issue in Progress." At six month intervals (e.g., June and December) the Issue-in-Progress is declared a New Issue, and journal subscribers receive the Table of Contents of the issue via email. Madagascar Conservation & Development’s turn-around time (from first submission to publication) averages around 200 days.

Madagascar Conservation & Development welcomes the results of original research based on field surveys, advances in field and laboratory techniques, book reviews, and informal status reports from research, conservation, development and management programs and in-field projects, both terrestrial and marine, in Madagascar and surrounding islands (including Mascarenes, Comoros, Seychelles). In addition, notes on changes in the legal status of any species (e.g., IUCN, CITES) or area (e.g. protected areas) in the region are welcomed. Readers are also encouraged to alert Madagascar Conservation & Development to pertinent letter-writing campaigns and other activities, which may need the support of the Madagascar Conservation & Development community.

Madagascar Conservation & Development also encourages authors to make use of the unique opportunities of an electronic journal: color illustrations, animated model output, downloadable models and data sets, use of the "Response" option for interactive discussion, and other novel inventions to encourage reader interaction.


Section Policies

Invited Contributions

Only authors who have been specifically invited to submit one of the following manuscript type should use this category


Scientists and practitioners will present the state of the art of research efforts in their respective fields of expertise. It can span fields from policy-making over rural development to resource management. 'Spotlights' will depict a topic in the light of present facts and challenges, and compare it with anticipated future developments – what is the research that matters, what will be important in the future in terms of conservation and sustainable development, what are the challenges, where to concentrate research efforts? Further, we will look for submissions that integrate, as much as possible, the role of Madagascar in the global context.

  • Length: between 2,500-5,000 words (not including title, abstracts, acknowledgments and references)
  • Max 1 figure / table
  • <50 references
  • Abstract 1: 200-250 words, Abstract 2: 400-450 words


Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Peer-reviewed papers that present the results of original research. The core article may contain tables and figures as required (e.g. traditional items such as tables, graphs, and written expansions on the main text, as well as less familiar items such as downloadable models or statistical software, computer animations of model output, and original data bases). Present the core of the research in a brief and readable form, and make details at an appropriate depth available in the Supplementary Material.

  • Length: between 2,000 and 8,000 words (not including title, abstracts, acknowledgments and references)
  • Between 30-60 references
  • Abstract 1: 200-250 words, Abstract 2: 400-450 words

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Short Notes

Peer-reviewed papers that present singular discoveries, specific examples, or assessments suggesting new directions, clarify old ones, or clarify ideas for a multidisciplinary audience - whether theory, concepts, methods, or practice.

  • Length: <2,000 words (not including title, abstracts, acknowledgments and references)
  • Not more than 2 figures and / or tables
  • Not more than 30 references
  • Abstract 1: 80-100 words; Abstract 2: 150-200 words

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


An essay constitutes an opinion contribution highlighting challenges or exciting research or applied projects in conservation and sustainable science, which does not primarily discuss the author’s own work.

  • Length: between 2,500-5,000 words (not including title, abstracts, acknowledgments and references)
  • Max 1 figure / table
  • <50 references
  • Abstract 1: 200-250 words, Abstract 2: 400-450 words


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


This contribution provides a critical view on current knowledge and state of the art approaches and provides new developments of significance to the realms of conservation and sustainable development.

  • Length: between 8,000-12,000 words
  • <100 references
  • Abstract 1: 200-250 words, Abstract 2: 400-450 words

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Special Section

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

The Editor-in-Chief evaluates whether a submission meets the journal’s scope, and whether the submitted material is in the requested form and format.

An Executive Editor is assigned to guide a manuscript through the peer review process. 2-4 reviewers evaluate the quality and originality of a manuscript. Madagascar Conservation & Development has a "double blind" review process: authors are not told who reviewed their paper and reviewers are not told who wrote the paper. Peer reviewers are informed of the identity of the authors after the manuscript is either accepted or rejected. After a decision is reached, a reviewer is free to contact the authors privately about the manuscript.

A decision on the manuscript can generally be expected within 2 months of submission; delays in obtaining reviews may occasionally prolong this process. Manuscripts are sent out for review electronically, and all correspondence takes place via e-mail. Although the peer review process is accelerated by the use of electronic communication, traditional high-quality, peer-review standards are applied to all manuscripts submitted to Madagascar Conservation & Development.


Publication Frequency

Madagascar Conservation & Development publishes regular issues once or twice a year, with issues available as 'in progress' as soon as articles are published online, i.e. with the indication of a date, but no pagination yet. Special Issues are published separately throughout the year.


Open Access Policy

Madagascar Conservation & Development provides open access to all of its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Such access is associated with increased readership and increased citation of an author's work. This journal is signatory of the Budapest Open Access initiative.


Madagascar Conservation & Development uses Open Journal Systems, an open source journal management and publishing software developed, supported, and freely distributed by the Public Knowledge Project under the GNU General Public License.



This journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More...


Policies on Conflict of Interest, Human and Animal rights, Informed Consent

It is important that any research in the realms of conservation or sustainable development conforms to the highest possible ethical and legal standards. Therefore Madagascar Conservation & Development has a code of conduct for researchers contributing articles.


By submitting an article for consideration by Madagascar Conservation & Development you will be required to assent that all co-authors have agreed and abided by this code of conduct.

Researchers should confirm that their research conforms to the high standards set out by any reputable source, such as the guidelines included in the following:

Madagascar Conservation & Development http://www.journalmcd.com/index.php/mcd/article/view/mcd.v11i1.6

British Sociological Association http://www.britsoc.co.uk/

American Sociological Association, http://www.asanet.org/

Association of Social Anthropologists of the Commonwealth, http://www.theasa.org/

Social Research Association, http://www.the-sra.org.uk/

French Mammal Society, http://www.sfepm.org